An appraisal of the various criticisms made by ethnomusicologists of the comparative musicologists

From 1880 to 1900 is regarded as being the time in which Ethnomusicology became a distinct field. A J. Ellis's article, 'On the musical scales of various nations' [1885], was influential in changing the widely held belief amongst many that, musics which sounded out of tune in fact were only utilising different degrees of tuning, and were not 'out of tune'. The comparative musicologist, Erich Von Hornbostel, and others, developed an approach shortly afterwards which meant that any music could be analysed in much the same way as they are today...
 
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Alexander Roberts